Education (School Teacher Appraisal) Regulations 1991
This Statutory Instrument, made under section 49 of the 1986 Education (No 2) Act, required local education authorities (in respect of maintained schools) and governing bodies (of grant-maintained schools) to secure that the performance of teachers was regularly appraised.
See also DES Circular 12/91 (24 July 1991), which provided local education authorities and schools with guidance on implementing the regulations.
The text of the Education (School Teacher Appraisal) Regulations 1991 was prepared by Derek Gillard and uploaded on 7 October 2021.
Education (School Teacher Appraisal) Regulations 1991
© Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland.
EDUCATION, ENGLAND AND WALES
Laid before Parliament - 24th July 1991
Coming into force - 14th August 1991
In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 49 and 63 of the Education (No 2) Act 1986 (1) and after consulting in accordance with section 49(4) of the Act such associations of local authorities, and representatives of teachers, as appeared to be concerned and other persons with whom consultation appeared to be desirable, the Secretary of State for Education and Science, as respects England, and the Secretary of State for Wales, as respects Wales, hereby make the following Regulations:
1 Citation and commencement
These Regulations shall be cited as the Education (School Teacher Appraisal) Regulations 1991 and shall come into force on 14th August 1991.
2. In these Regulations unless the context otherwise requires -
"appraising body" means -3 Duty to Appraise(a) in the case of a teacher employed at a school maintained by a local education authority, the local education authority;"appraisal record" means the appraisal statements prepared under Regulation 10(2) in respect of a school teacher;
It shall be the duty of each appraising body to secure that the performance of school teachers for whom they are the appraising body in discharging their duties is regularly appraised in accordance with these Regulations.
4 Aims of Appraisal
(1) Appraising bodies shall secure that appraisal assists -
(a) school teachers in their professional development and career planning; and(2) In carrying out their duty under Regulation 3, appraising bodies shall aim to improve the quality of education for pupils, through assisting school teachers to realise their potential and to carry out their duties more effectively.
(3) Appraisal procedures shall in particular aim to -
(a) recognise the achievements of school teachers and help them to identify ways of improving their skills and performance;(4) Appraisal procedures shall not form part of any disciplinary or dismissal procedures, but appraisal statements may be used for the purposes specified in Regulation 14.
5 The Appraisal Cycle
(1) Subject to paragraphs (2), (3) and (4), the appraisal cycle for each school teacher shall be a continuous period of two years.
(2) If the school teacher moves to a post in another school or to a new post as a head teacher, the appraisal cycle shall begin again.
(3) If the school teacher moves to a new post in the same school the head teacher may determine that the appraisal cycle shall begin again.
(4) If the school teacher becomes an acting head teacher the appraising body may determine that -
(a) the appraisal cycle shall begin again; and6 It shall be the duty of the appraising body to secure that -
(1) the first year of the appraisal cycle shall have begun on or before 1st September 1992 for a number of school teachers for whom they are the appraising body equal to one half of the number of teachers for whom they were the appraising body on 1st September 1991;
(2) the first year of the appraisal cycle shall have begun on or before 1st September 1994 for all the school teachers for whom they are the appraising body on that date and for whom they were also the appraising body on 1st September 1991; and
(3) once the appraisal cycle has begun for any school teacher it shall be continuous;
(4) after 1st September 1995 every school teacher for whom they are the appraising body shall be the subject of an appraisal cycle.
7 It shall be the duty of the governing body of a school maintained by a local education authority to secure compliance, so far as it is reasonably practicable for them to do so, in their school with arrangements made by the local education authority in pursuance of its duty under these Regulations and to provide such assistance as the local education authority may reasonably require in connection with those arrangements.
8 Appraisal Procedures
(1) The local education authority shall appoint two appraisers for the head teacher of each controlled, county or special agreement school maintained by them, after consulting the governing body of the school.
(2) The local education authority and the governing body of a voluntary aided school shall endeavour to agree on the appointment of two appraisers for the head teacher of the school. Failing such agreement, the local education authority and the governing body shall each appoint one appraiser.
(3) The governing body of a grant-maintained school shall appoint two appraisers for the head teacher.
(4) The appraisers of a head teacher shall include one person who is or has been employed -
(a) in the case of an appraiser of a head teacher of a primary school, as the head teacher of a primary school;and whom the appraising body consider has in the course of such employment had experience relevant to current conditions in the school at which the head teacher is employed.
(5) Subject to paragraph (6), the head teacher shall appoint an appraiser (who may be the head teacher) for every other teacher at the school and may appoint a new appraiser in place of an existing appraiser at any time.
(6) The appraising body may determine that two appraisers shall be appointed for a deputy head teacher.
(7) The person responsible for appointing an appraiser of a head teacher under this Regulation may appoint a new appraiser in place of an appraiser where necessary.
(8) Where an appraiser has been appointed by a local education authority or the governing body as the case may be under paragraph (2) in respect of a voluntary aided school the appointment referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be made by the person who made the previous appointment.
(9) The appraisal cycle shall continue notwithstanding any change in appraiser.
9 (1) At or near the commencement of the appraisal cycle of a head teacher the appraisers and the head teacher shall meet to plan and prepare for the appraisal.
(2) In appraising a school teacher who is not a head teacher the appraiser shall, during the first year of the appraisal cycle, observe the school teacher teaching on at least two occasions.
(3) At least one appraiser of a head teacher shall during the first year of the appraisal cycle observe the head teacher either teaching or performing other duties; such observation shall include observation on at least two occasions by the same appraiser.
(4) The appraiser may not, without first consulting the school teacher, obtain from any other persons information, whether written or oral, relevant to the school teacher's performance.
10 (1) Before the end of the first year of the appraisal cycle the appraiser shall hold an appraisal interview with the school teacher with the object of reviewing the school teacher's work, identifying the school teacher's achievements and aspects in which further development would be desirable, identifying any training and developmental needs and setting targets for action for the rest of the appraisal cycle.
(2) After each appraisal interview, the appraiser shall, in consultation with the school teacher, prepare a written appraisal statement recording the main points made by the appraiser and the school teacher at the interview and the conclusions reached, including any targets for action which shall be recorded in a separate annex to (but forming part of) the appraisal statement.
(3) The school teacher may, within twenty working days of first having access to the appraisal statement, add to it comments in writing.
(4) The appraiser shall give the school teacher a copy of the appraisal statement.
11 (1) A school teacher shall be entitled to complain about an appraisal statement within twenty working days of first having access to it.
(2) In the event of a complaint by a school teacher who is not a head teacher, the head teacher, or where the appraiser is the head teacher, the appraising body shall appoint a person having relevant knowledge of or experience in education who has not participated in the appraisal complained of as review officer to conduct a review of that appraisal.
(3) In the event of a complaint by the head teacher of a grant-maintained, county, controlled or special agreement school, the appraising body shall appoint two review officers who have not participated in the appraisal complained of to conduct a review of that appraisal.
(4) In the event of a complaint by the head teacher of a voluntary aided school, the local education authority and the governing body shall endeavour to agree on the appointment of two review officers who have not participated in the appraisal complained of to conduct a review of that appraisal. Failing such agreement, the local education authority and the governing body shall each appoint one review officer.
(5) The review officer shall take account of any representations made by the school teacher.
(6) The review officer may -
(a) order the appraisal statement to stand with or without observations of his own; or(7) Where a new appraisal is ordered under paragraph 11(6)(c) a new appraiser shall be appointed under Regulation 8 and the appraisal procedure followed under Regulations 9, 10 and 12.
12 (1) At least once before the end of the second year of the appraisal cycle, the appraiser and the school teacher shall meet to review the appraisal statement and progress in achieving any targets for action and to set revised targets for action.
(2) After the meeting the appraiser shall, in consultation with the school teacher, prepare a written note (which shall form part of the appraisal statement) of the main points made by the appraiser and the school teacher and the conclusions reached.
13 Use and Retention of Appraisal Records
(1) In the case of a school teacher who is not a head teacher -
(a) the appraiser shall provide a copy of the appraisal statement to the head teacher of the school (if the head teacher is not the appraiser);(2) In the case of a head teacher -
(a) the appraisers shall provide a copy of the appraisal statement to the chairman of the governing body of the school and, in the case of the head teacher of a school maintained by a local education authority, to the Chief Education Officer or any officer of or adviser to the authority specifically designated by the Chief Education Officer;(3) Where a new appraiser is appointed otherwise than at the beginning of an appraisal cycle, the appraising body shall ensure that he is provided with a copy of any current appraisal statement.
(4) An appraisal statement shall be kept by the head teacher until at least three months after the next appraisal statement has been finalised.
14 (1) Relevant information from appraisal records may be taken into account by head teachers, Chief Education Officers or any officers or advisers specifically designated by a Chief Education Officer under Regulation 13(1)(b) or (2)(a) in advising those responsible for taking decisions on the promotion, dismissal or discipline of school teachers or on the use of any discretion in relation to pay.
(2) Those responsible for planning the training and development of school teachers in a school (including, in the case of a school maintained by a local education authority, appropriate officers of or advisers to that authority) shall receive particulars of any targets for action relating to training and development.
These Regulations, which are made by virtue of sections 49 and 63 of the Education (No 2) Act 1986, come into force on 14th August 1991.
The Regulations place local education authorities, in respect of schools maintained by them, and governing bodies of grant-maintained schools under a duty to secure that the performance of school teachers in discharging their duties is regularly appraised (Regulations 2 and 3).
The aims of appraisal are set out in Regulation 4; in particular, appraisal is to assist school teachers in their professional development and career planning, and those responsible for making decisions about the management of school teachers.
Regulation 5 provides that the appraisal cycle shall normally be a continuous period of 2 years. Regulation 6 sets time limits for the phasing in of appraisal procedures: after the 1st September 1995 all school teachers are to be the subject of an appraisal cycle.
The governing body of a school maintained by a local education authority is under a duty to secure compliance, in so far as it is reasonably practicable, with arrangements made by the local education authority for appraisals (Regulation 7).
Regulation 8 provides details of appraisal procedures: local education authorities (acting in the case of voluntary aided schools with the agreement of the governing body where possible) and the governing bodies of grant-maintained schools shall appoint two appraisers for the head teacher and may determine that there shall be two appraisers for a deputy head teacher. The head teacher shall appoint one appraiser for every other teacher at the school. Regulation 9 provides for the initial appraisal, and Regulation 10 provides that there shall be an appraisal interview, after which an appraisal statement is to be drawn up.
Regulation 11 covers the complaints procedure.
Regulation 12 provides for a review of the appraisal statement at least once before the end of the second year of the appraisal cycle.
Regulations 13 and 14 govern the use and retention of appraisal records and the use of information derived from them.
(1) 1986 c. 61. Section 49 was amended by paragraphs 36 and 101 of Schedule 12 to the Education Reform Act 1988 (c. 40). For matters to be prescribed, see section 67(3) of the 1986 Act and section 114(1) of the Education Act 1944 (c. 31), and for the transfer of functions to the Secretary of State see S.I. 1964/490, 1970/1536 and 1978/274.
(2) S.I. 1989/1319, amended by S.I. 1989/1541.
(2) S.I. 1989/1319, amended by S.I. 1989/1541.