Hadow (1926)

1926 Hadow Report (complete)


The Hadow Report (1926)
The Education of the Adolescent


Notes on the text

Background

The 1899 Board of Education Act established a Board of Education 'charged with the superintendence of matters relating to education in England and Wales' (section 1). It provided for the establishment of a Consultative Committee to keep a register of teachers and to advise the Board 'on any matter referred to the committee by the Board' (section 4).

The Consultative Committee produced many reports - including this one - during its lifetime. It was replaced following the 1944 Education Act by the Central Advisory Council for Education (CACE).

Sir Henry Hadow was an educationist (Vice Chancellor of the University of Sheffield from 1919 to 1930), a well-known music critic and a prodigious writer. He chaired the Consultative Committee for six reports between 1923 and 1933:

1923 Differentiation of the Curriculum for Boys and Girls
1924 Psychological Tests of Educable Capacity
1926 The Education of the Adolescent
1928 Books in Public Elementary Schools
1931 The Primary School
1933 Infant and Nursery Schools

The 1926 report was particularly significant as it recommended the establishment of primary and secondary schools with the break at age 11, a policy which was eventually implemented in the 1944 Education Act.

For more about Hadow and other Committee members and summaries of the reports, see my article The Hadow Reports: an introduction.

The report online

The full text of the report (including the Appendices) is online in a single web page.

I have modernised some of the punctuation (so that, for example, " secondary " is shown as 'secondary' and Mr. W.H. Webbe C.B.E. appears as Mr WH Webbe CBE); and I've updated one or two spellings (timetable instead of time-table, today instead of to-day etc).

The formatting of the text (bold, italics, centred etc) is a reasonably accurate representation of the printed version, but the pages presented here are not exact facsimiles of the original: the font (Times, Arial etc) and size of print - and therefore the number of words to a line and lines to a page - are determined by the settings you have chosen for your web browser. However, the page breaks are correct. In other words, if something is shown here as being on, say, page 103, you can be sure it appeared on page 103 in the original.

The page headers (chapter title on both left and right hand pages) have been omitted.

Anything added by way of explanation is shown [in square brackets].

Summary of the report's main recommendations

The report lists 38 recommendations including:

  • education should be divided into two distinct phases to be called primary and secondary, with the break between the two at the age of 11+;
  • in non-selective secondary schools there should be an emphasis on practical work related to 'living interests';
  • staffing ratios in non-selective schools should be at least as favourable as those in grammar schools;
  • the school leaving age should be raised to 15+, if possible by 1932 (in fact this didn't happen until 1947);
  • new forms of leaving examinations should be developed;
  • the structure of local education authorities should be rationalised to take account of the new arrangements.

The 1926 Hadow Report and the above notes were prepared for the web by Derek Gillard. The report was uploaded on 2 April 2006; the revised notes on 4 November 2012.

1926 Hadow Report (complete)